Well, perhaps not wrong, but exaggerated or romanticized. Apr 28, 2015 pony express riders had to swear a special oath on the bible. Louis, missouri and sacramento, california, in just 10. On the pony express faq page, here is their answer to your question. At eighteen, he was one of the best pony express riders in the service. Historians disagree on whether he was the first rider out. The terrain determined the number and the distance between home stations and relay stations. Riders didnt have the deadliest job on the pony express. Bit and bridle were designed after military tack of the 1850s.
The young riders tv series 19891992 cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. With stephen baldwin, josh brolin, ty miller, gregg rainwater. Because he was an accomplished horseman, alexander majors asked him to ride for the pony express. Also counter to general understanding, except in instances where the replacement rider was unable to ride, the men generally traveled less than. By the time he finally returned to his home station, pony bob had traveled 380 miles in less than 40 hoursa pony express record. Women arent often mention in connection with the pony express. They were the pony express riders, and you can relive their experience as you learn more about the pony express national historic trail. This not mean that there were none, just no record. Apr 17, 2020 amazon is looking to hire hundreds of horses and riders to help meet increased demand for deliveries during the coronavirus pandemic. Jos triumph by nikki tate is a recent book that i found to be very good. A charming rascal and shameless selfpromoter who had old west written all over his face and attire and that played best in the east, miller was a chainsmoking, harddrinking admitted horse thief.
Ironically, buffalo bill never was a rider for the pony express. Although employed by the firm, james butler hickok did not ride. There is no historical record that there were ever any female pony express riders. This list may not reflect recent changes learn more. Three men in the mid1800s had an idea to open up a mail delivery system that reached from the midwest all the way to california. Nov 02, 2016 their book lists 195 pony express riders, based on evidence from eyewitness accounts, newspapers, census records, and other primary sources. Bill cody is by far the most important rider of the pony express, but he never actually did ride for them. Pony express records are sketchy, with no comprehensive list of riders. Lewin and taylor also describe 61 pony express riders, many of whom came from missouri, illinois, ohio, new york, pennsylvania and even ireland and england. Rather than burly cowboys, most of the riders were small, wiry men who. Another says the raiders had heard that men at the station had kidnapped two paiute women, and fighting broke out.
There have been a number books written that had a girl being a rider. Following reports the company will be hiring 75,000 more workers, amazon announced this week that it is bringing back the pony express to increase their delivery capacity across the western united states. He rode only sixty miles each way but covered his round trip of 120 miles in just 12 hours, including all stops. It provided people with a way to send important letters between st. Billy tate was the bravest pony express rider, if you had. Traveled the mail route for central montana for more than ten years. Nearly everything you thought you knew about the pony express is wrong.
Theres no record of a woman ever taking part as a rider, but that doesnt mean women didnt play an important role. Their book lists 195 pony express riders, based on evidence from eyewitness accounts, newspapers, census records, and other primary sources. Locations were governed by necessity, not convenience. Despite the images of pony express riders shooting native americans and having adventures popularized by buffalo bills wild west show and dime novels, the life of a pony express employee was far from glamorous. As rider william campbell said, riding express had more hard work than fun in it. Mar 10, 20 20 history day documentary about the pony express by kaylee harrington and adam vanasse. It too, was written for the respect and love of and for horses. At each station stop the express rider would change to a fresh horse, taking only the mail pouch called a. Life as a rider on the pony express heather on history. This book was written as a historical account as it was lived by women, and recorded on behalf of women, having the desire to be a twentieth century pony express rider. Rider s saddle and mochilla what they carried the mail in were modeled after originals that are in the santa barbara historical museum. Operated by central overland california and pikes peak express company, the pony express was a great financial. Why the shortlived pony express still fascinates us. Aug 29, 2018 since speed was its main goal, the pony express went to great lengths to keep its horses loads as light as possible.
Its loosely based on claims by william buffalo bill cody to have been a pony express rider. The pony express was promoted heavily by buffalo bill cody in his travelling wild west show. The pony express riders carried a mail pouch by horseback from one station to the next, between st. Gunslinger featured a pony express rider as a bearer of important news. Why did people prefer the telegraph to the pony express. The main article for this category is pony express riders. Aug 18, 2015 pony express rider takes place during the civil war. The lack of speedy communication between the midwest and the west was accentuated by the looming threat of a civil war. The pony express a revolution in transportation and.
A former rider and showman with buffalo bills wild west that part is true, miller was the king of the last of the pony express riders. Joseph, missouri, and sacramento, california, and from. They took a solemn oath of loyalty to refrain from profane language, intoxicating beverages, and fighting with any other employee. March is the official month designated for womens history month. The preferred riders on the pony express americana. The 183 pony express riders employed by russell, majors, and waddell traveled light. Brink, or dock brink as he was known to his associates, was one of the early riders, entering the employ of the pony express company in april 1860. Pony bob haslam, a pony express rider, makes a historic run of. Frequently asked questions pony express national historic trail. Apr 22, 2019 other riders not listed on the pony express site that rode one being my gggrndfather loamma worley from grant city mo which n of st joseph. Cody of the pony express, a 1950 serial from columbia pictures. While dock made a good record as a courier, his chief fame was gained in a fight at rock creek station, in which brink and wild bill hickok cleaned out the mccanles gang. If youre like me, youre probably imagining men dressed in fringed leather uniform on horses, riding at breakneck speeds to carry important business and love letters hundreds of miles, perhaps while simultaneously shooting their wincester rifles in the air. Each station was located between 15 to 20 miles apart.
Ficklin suggests the use of fast horses, riders and relay stations to deliver mail in. Jun 23, 2018 the pony express was promoted heavily by buffalo bill cody in his travelling wild west show. A lexander majors was a religious man, and he gave each one of the riders a holy bible. Wild bill remained at the station with the terrified woman until the stage came along, and he then consigned. Embarrassed by their dissolution, the pony express partners destroyed all paperwork about the company, so we have no official documentation about the planning, locations, pay, riders, events, etc. Joseph to seneca, kansas for 80 miles, which he covered at an average of 12. Its loosely based on claims by william buffalo bill cody to have been a pony express rider referred to in how the west was won mentioned anachronistically in she wore a yellow ribbon gunslinger featured a pony express rider as a bearer of important news when this film was featured on mystery science theater 3000, the. At each relay station, riders would exchange their tired horse for a fresh one. In 1860, there were about 157 pony express stations that were about 10 miles 16 km apart along the pony express route.
Pages in category pony express riders the following pages are in this category, out of total. The pony express was a financial failure for the company that operated it. The pony express was a revolutionary idea when it began in april 1860. Pony express historical timeline pony express museum st. He also created an oath that each rider had to say that included how they would, under no circumstances, use profane language, and that i will not drink intoxicating liquors. The pony express was a mail service delivering messages, newspapers, and mail using relays of horsemounted riders that operated from april 3, 1860, to october 1861 between missouri and california in the united states of america. I have dug up some of the most famous and inspirational women of the ages that i can think of. Joseph, missouri and was little more than a boy when he entered the pony service. You must foil the plans of the knights of the golden circle, the confederate militia spies for the union. The series took the usual liberties with history, and ran three seasonstwice. Edward coxen as the pony express rider marin sais as may the pony express girl.
But it took all the riders to make this rigorous schedule happen. Pony express rider sacramento, ca equestrian statues on. Mary fields was born into slavery in tennessee in about 1832. The information is only known through tales passed down, and the riders letters and journals. At 6feet tall, he was too big and drove freight wagons. The first westbound trip was made in 9 days and 23 hours and the eastbound journey in 11 days and 12 hours. The mochila, which is spanish for saddle blanket, said wyoming division president les bennington, and the attached cantinas, which house the mail, are slung from one horse to the next throughout the ride and is on. They were each issued a firearm, a knife, the bible, and a canteen of water. See more ideas about pony express, pony and old west. Mentioned anachronistically in she wore a yellow ribbon. Jamess route lay between simpsons park and cole springs, nevada, in the smoky valley range of mountains. While no official company records of all the riders have ever been uncovered, this list has been compiled from various sources including newspaper accounts, secondary sources and family histories.
Johnny was born in kentucky and moved with his family to missouri when he was 16 years old. Lone horsemen would ride between stations at breakneck pace, switching mounts every 1015 miles and then handing their cargo off to a new. The pony express was a mail service delivering messages, newspapers, and mail using relays of horsemounted riders that operated from april 3, 1860, to october 24, 1861, between missouri and california in the united states of america operated by central overland california and pikes peak express company, the pony express was a great financial investment to the u. Richard clarke frontiersman robert haslam pony express johnson william richardson. First africanamerican woman employed to carry the u. Theres no record of a woman ever taking part as a rider, but that doesnt. Who was the first woman pony express rider answers. He was a native missourian, weighing less than 125 pounds. A time of rejoicing for women and to celebrate ones femininity and being in the spirits of the time is now. Feb 01, 2011 the pony express rider s clothes were based on a paragraph in mark twains book roughing it, published in 1872. The first rider to leave the stables was probably james. Bart riles, the pony rider, died this morning from wounds received at cold. After all, someone had to feed those riders and station keepers and the gaggle of other males working as wranglers and blacksmiths and superintendents.1509 1420 627 1549 338 466 1150 1452 1441 1321 375 26 571 1247 631 437 940 1579 89 164 1175 170 104 38 877 619 483 338 1471 514 407 371 531