Hence, all organisms, such as plants, animals and human beings, as well as the physical surroundings with whom we interact, form a part of our. The internet and organisational databases were also used to find other types of documents eg, books and reports. A similar pattern holds for other measures environmental degradation disproportionately affects the poor and vulnerable, hence 5 4 5. Recycling is the best way to slow down environmental degradation, and is something that everyone should partake in. Various nations and governments have recognised that exploitation and brazen use of natural resources has been causing serious damage to the environment and have come together to fight pollution and degradation on national and international levels. What is environmental degradation, causes and effects. Air pollution can be reduced by selection of proper fuel and fitting. Other measures to prevent land degradation are deacribed in the basic. Both poverty and environmental degradation have been increasing in many developing countries, hence there is a pressing need first to evaluate and analyze the poverty environmental degradation nexus, and second, to prescribe policy options to mitigate or eradicate these two problems. The change in the characteristic and quality of soil which adversely affect its fertility is called as degradation. What is sustainable development write any three measures. It is not there for us to control and manage it either. Pdf climate change, biodiversity loss, deforestation, air and water pollution are not.
Pdf our environment is deteriorating for the last two centuries and almost every part of the. The objective of the paper is to measure environmental degradation on the basis of some selected indicators by the application of a simple multivariate technique known as principal component analysis. The earth summit in 1992 20 years after the stockholm 1972 conference. It is also required how each individual can contribute. Its objective was to check deterioration in the quality of environment. When natural habitats are destroyed or natural resources are depleted, the environment is degraded. One of the greatest challenges facing humanity is environmental degradation, including deforestation, desertification, pollution, and climate change an issue of increasing concern for the international community. Environmental degradation is the deterioration of the environment through depletion of resources such as air, water and soil.
Use only renewable and sustainable products, materials and energy. Environmental degradation means reduction in the quality of the environment due to man made and natural factors. Essay on environmental pollution types, causes, control. There are many examples of environmental degradation throughout the world. You can do this successfully by planting three trees for every one that is cut down for the forestry industry. The paper pays particular attention to the role of the lhwp in environmental degradation and resultant impact on environmental and human security. The measures to control environmental degradation are i social awareness it is the need of the hour to spread social awareness about the dangers of pollution. The root cause of our environmental problems is population.
Environmental degradation and measures for its mitigation. Environmental degradation can happen in a number of ways. Combustible solid wastes should be burnt in incinerators. Fundamentals of prevention and control of air pollution. Environmental degradation an overview sciencedirect topics.
If we want to save the planet and take on this mission together, recycling the best way to fight environmental degradation together. Often times resulting in environmental degradation and pollution. Environmental reform is a constituent element in the main reform aspects such as political reform, economic reform, social and cultural reform. Political action international cooperation, measures to alleviate disparity in wealth, or other 2. This legislative measure should be strictly enforced. Environmental degradation is t he deterioration o f the environment throu gh depletion of resources s uch a s ai r, water and soil. Effects focus on atmosphere, human health and nature.
What are some solutions to environmental degradation. Land degradation food and agriculture organization of the united. However watershed management of degraded lands will not make farming a viable business unless the rest of the agricultural v alue chain is also. Air pollution, water pollution, garbage, and pollution of the natural environment are all challenges for india. Environmental degradation increases the vulnerability of the societies it affects and contributes to the scarcity of resources. The destruction of environments and the eradication of wildlife. It does not attempt to cover the full range of social issues associated with all types of environmental degradation. Measures to control environmental degradation minimising the use of water and treating before discharging it in river and ponds rains water harvesting should be practiced to reduce the ground water pollution and scarcity. Environmental degradation is the disintegration of the earth or. Control and limit human population, this is the major source of environmental degradation. Introduction and definition of environmental pollution we know that, a living organism cannot live by itself.
For this purpose the study considered six variables, namely, gdp per capita, fuel consumption, total fertility rate, water supply, sanitation, and electricity. Issues and goals 247 environmental degradation and disaster management social science notes is the nonliving, known as abiotic which includes such items as sunlight, soil, air, water, land, climate etc. Pollution prevention environmental impact reduction checklists. When it comes to the planets trees, you can never have enough. Types, effects and control of industrial pollution. In response to the increasingly strident protests of pollution victims, the national government also began preparing legislation to control environmental pollution, building on the work of local governments. Monitoring implies use of routine measurements to detect changes in the environment or health, and can be based on data from a wide variety of sources. It is necessary for environmental protection that air and water pollution caused by industrial development should be controlled properly. The environment protection act was passed in 1986 in india. Measures to resolve environmental problems category examples of specific measures 1. Methods for monitoring and control of environmental. These plants can assume control over nature, eliminating the local.
Despite such overwhelming evidence about environmental degradation as a major cause of poverty, there is a widespread perception in developing countries that maintaining the environmental quality was a luxury that the poor countries can illafford while allocating their scarce resources in supposedly more important areas such as education. By describing japans experiences with respect to the problems caused by the initial reluctance to address environmental issues, as well as the success of. Chapter 6 environmental pollution control measures range of regulations and restrictions. Environmental pollution, problems and control measures overview a. Preventing environmental degradation is a journey that we should all take part in. Efforts to counteract this problem include environmental protection and environmental resources management. It is also required how each individual can contribute to check this problem. The best ways to prevent environmental degradation future.
There are a number of ways in which environmental degradation works. Pollution prevention and mitigation measures developed for the proposed kemper county igcc project facilities environmental issue pollution prevention or mitigation measure atmospheric resources and air quality during construction, use of modern, wellmaintained machinery and vehicles meeting ap. It is not, as is sometimes mistakenly asserted, just a luxury for wealthy countries concerned with aesthetics. Poudyal chhetri a and anil shakyab a disaster preparedness network, kathmandu, nepal b department of urban development and building construction, ministry of physical planning and works, government of nepal abstract environmental degradation is a very big problem in nepal which is causing human health. Environmental pollution, problems and control measures. The industrial revolution of 19th century mechanized the production and manufacturing of goods and introduced the use of machinery and other heavy equipments which in turn, used fuels as source of energy, which deteriorate the environment. Instead, drawing particularly on unrisd work, it focuses largely on the social impacts of and responses to environmental degradation in rural areas of the third world. Environmental degradation is the deterioration of the environment through depletion of natural resources such as air, water and soil. The primary cause of environmental degradation is human disturbance.
Chapter 6 environmental pollution control measures jica. Keeping our planet clean for future generations is one of the. At the national level, however, the government welcomed pollution as evidence of progress and prosperity, and consequently very few of the environmental pollution control measures contained in the factories act 1911 and the mining law 1905 were. The monitoring and control of environmental hazards to health entails a wide range of actions, each tailored to the particular hazard or form of public health concern. There are many ways to achieve this, but i will list 5 major steps to achieve this. Thus this assumed reform plan cannot be complete without the inclusion of environmental issues because environmental degradation. Economic measures economic policy that allows for sustainable development while taking the environment into consideration, or other 3. Pollution prevention environmental impact reduction. Desertification has been defined as land degradation in arid, semiarid, and dry subhumid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variations and human activities11. Environmental degradation and measures for its mitigation 41 attain and sustain economic growth and development. This method does not solve the problem in a real sense because in this, solid waste is being converted into gaseous wastes causing air pollution. Besides the finished products, a good number of byproducts are produced. Read this article to learn about the meaning, factors responsible, prevention and control measures of land degradation.397 953 1072 1058 920 1426 1404 1235 107 92 1405 1118 780 833 275 1000 183 1239 1445 570 1392 788 432 42 300 909 277 979 704 501 716 954 674 123 428 1240 1254 235 1444